Gallio fragment dating paul
Matthew and Luke both indicate that Jesus' birth occurred during the reign of Caesar Augustus (27 B. Three items are useful in dating Paul's life: James, the brother of Jesus, the head of the Jerusalem church and probable author of the book of James, was executed in 62 A. The high priest Ananus was responsible for the execution, as he had it done when Judea was briefly in between Roman governors [Josephus, Antiquities of the Jews, 20.9.1].
Sunday was the third day after Friday to the ancients, though in modern times it would reckoned as the second day. The chronology of Paul's public ministry is acknowledged within about two years.
This is a uniquely important consideration in dating the books of the New Testament, and is discussed further in the section on the Destruction of Jerusalem.
The Gospel would be close enough to the events it records to stand on its own merits.
Why are the dates of the books of the New Testament of such intense interest to Christians?
Bruce explains the methods used for dating the New Testament and stresses the importance of avoiding criteria that are too speculative and subjective.
If, for example, we had no other means of dating 1 Corinthians, we should know that it was in existence by the time Clement of Rome’s letter to the Corinthians was written (i.e. A document such as Ephesians, in which this tendency is detected, is on that score alone denied apostolic authorship by one influential school of thought. If I could agree with him in identifying the fragment as a piece of Mark’s Gospel, I should then be tempted to give my imagination free rein and suggest that this and other manuscripts in cave 7 were, somehow and some time, brought from Rome to Palestine in the jar found in that cave on which the Hebrew or Aramaic word for “Rome” is written twice.
We will avoid such dubious conclusions if we rely as far as possible on more objective criteria for dating the New Testament books. But that admittedly would be both speculative and subjective—a far cry from the objective criteria I have advocated in this article! Bruce [was] professor of biblical criticism and exegesis at the University of Manchester, England, and [was] a consulting editor of ETERNITY.